Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPPM RAS)
The Collection of Rhizosphere Microorganisms held at the Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPPM RAS), was established in 1981. The core of the collection is formed by plant-associative rhizosphere bacteria of the genus Azospirillum, which serve as a major model object for basic studies of the molecular mechanisms responsible for plant–microbe interactions. The collection is Russia’s largest repository of Azospirillum bacteria, including 122 strains.
Much attention at the IBPPM is directed to investigating plant–microbial communities in human-polluted environments and to developing biotechnologies to protect and restore the environment and commercial facilities. The institute’s collection holds a large number of microorganisms that are promising for bioremediation research: they show enhanced tolerance for heavy metals and metalloids, and they can degrade organic pollutants such as petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, and surface-active substances. By using the collection’s holdings, bioremediation agents (RU 2406758) and a technology (RU 2403102) for the phytoremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soils have been developed.
The staff of the Collection of Rhizosphere Microorganisms is highly qualified in the fields of microbiology and biochemistry. The collection’s research team, involved in the BRIO project, consists of microbiologists, biochemists, and biotechnologists with extensive experience in isolating and characterizing rhizosphere microorganisms that can degrade organic pollutants and are resistant to heavy metals. The team’s members have been active in using immunochemical and serological analysis of the rhizosphere microflora with the aid of specific antibodies to observe the behaviour of soil-introduced strains. The findings from those studies have been published in peer-reviewed journals.
Currently, the IBPPM collection has more than 300 culture holdings and is being continually supplemented with representatives of various bacterial species. However, the emphasis is, as before, on rhizosphere and plant-associated microorganisms. The catalogue of cultures includes 213 strains of rhizosphere and plant-associated bacteria and is available in electronic form at the IBPPM RAS website (www.ibppm.ru).
The Collection of Rhizosphere Microorganisms is part of the World Federation for Culture Collections [acronym: IBPPM (WFCC#975)]. The involvement of the collection in the BRIO project has made it possible to make its small but unique holdings available to a wide circle of interested practising researchers outside the Russian Federation, to supplement the database on rhizosphere bacteria, and to exchange experience with partners in studying plant-associated microorganisms.
Key persons involved:
- Professor Olga V. Turkovskaya (PhD Microbiology, 1990; DSc Microbiology and Biochemistry, 2001), head of the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, IBPPM RAS
- Professor Larisa Yu. Matora (PhD Microbiology, 1992; DSc Microbiology, 2005), leading research scientist at the Laboratory of Immunochemistry, IBPPM RAS
- Dr. Anna Yu. Muratova (PhD Microbiology, 1997), senior research scientist at the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, IBPPM RAS
- Dr. Ekaterina V. Dubrovskaya (PhD Microbiology, 1999), senior research scientist at the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, IBPPM RAS
- Dr. Gennady L. Burygin (PhD, Microbiology and Biochemistry, 2003), senior research scientist at the Laboratory of Immunochemistry, IBPPM RAS
- Dr. Sergey N. Golubev (PhD Microbiology, 2002), research scientist at the Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, IBPPM RAS
Professor Olga V. Turkovskaya (email@example.com)
Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPPM RAS)
13 Prospekt Entuziastov, Saratov 410049
Tel.: +7 8452 970444
Fax: +7 8452 970383